Emergency contraception after sexual intercourse (post-coital) is taken by women in the case of unprotected sex, if a condom breaks or if it has been removed. The woman has to take it as soon as possible after the intercourse, no later than five days.
The morning after pill is a tablet with a higher dose of estrogen and progesterone or a tablet with more progesterone. You can take several stronger birth control pills at the same time, because it is especially important that the body gets a higher dose of progesterone.
It was first called the urgent (emergency) contraception, but it very quickly got its present name, because people thought that it may be taken no later than the following morning after unprotected sex. This is not true. For maximum effectiveness, the tablet should be taken within 72 hours (3 days) after intercourse, and it works up to 120 hours after unprotected sex, but the effect of the tablet is reduced.
How it works?
The morning after pill prolongs or prevents the ovulation. It prevents the fertilized egg to pass through the uterine wall into the uterus and disrupts the production of hormones necessary for the continuation of pregnancy. If consumed timely, the tablet prevents between 75 and 88% of pregnancies.
One-third of women who had taken the pill felt nausea. Some also experienced vomiting. Vaginal bleeding occurs between 3 and 7 days after consuming the pill. It can disrupt the menstrual cycle.
A month after consumption of the morning after pill you need to contact your gynecologist or do a pregnancy test, to make sure that you have not got pregnant. After unprotected sex, it is also wise to visit your gynecologist and determine that you have not contracted a sexually transmitted disease. Be aware that the morning after pill is only taken in a case of emergency.